These days, more and more people are beginning to use VPNs to protect online security or unblock websites. A VPN is a fantastic tool for protecting your online privacy and allowing you to access any content you want. By building an encrypted tunnel that runs through all of your internet traffic, a VPN masks your IP address and hides your online traffic, providing you with an extra protection layer.
When it appears on the applications that you are connected but in reality, it sometimes does not do its job, it may be possible that it reveals your identity and location to governments and third parties.
Is my VPN working?
Basically, there are three types of leaks that showing your VPN is not doing its job, as it is made to hide your data and privacy.
- IP address leak
IP address is like your passport to the internet, it tells where you are from and let you access the internet. When you use the VPN, it hides your real IP address, if in the testing, when you are still connect to your VPN but it still shows your real IP, then you have an IP leak.
- DNS leak
DNS or the domain name system is used to translate domain names such as www.XXX.com into numerical IP addresses e.g. 126.96.36.199.
DNS leak means that your DNS requests to be revealed to ISP DNS servers, despite the use of a VPN service attempts to conceal them. If the testing result shows your “real location” that belongs to your ISP, then you have a DNS leak.
DNS leaks are a major threat to privacy as the anonymity network can provide a false sense of security when private data leaks.
- WebRTC leak
WebRTC stands for web real-time communications. A WebRTC leak is when your real IP address is exposed via the WebRTC feature of your browser. This leakage will de-anonymize you using WebRTC APIs, even if your VPN works properly
How to test IP/DNS/ WebRTC leaks?
IP Leak Test
Write down your real IP address
Here are some websites that you can check your current IP address
Compare your IP addresses when connecting to different servers with the VPN, if it only shows your real IP and your real location, then your VPN is not working at all.
DNS Leak Test
WebRTC leak Test
How To Prevent IP/DNS Leaks – Use a Safe VPN
Change your VPN provider to one that has DNS leak protection. Such as RitaVPN, it has a built-in DNS leak protection that could prevent DNS leaks. What’s more, RitaVPN uses the best-in-class encryption technology AES-256 and OpenVPN protocols to encrypt your traffic between VPN servers and your devices. What’s more, with a killswitch, RitaVPN encrypts your traffic all the time even if your VPN connection drops.
How to prevent WebRTC leak?
You need to disable this WebRTC feature on your browser.
If you use Firefox:
1. Enter “about:config” in the Firefox address bar and press enter.
2. Click on the “I’ll be careful, I promise!” button.
3. Search for “media.peerconnection.enabled”
4. Double-click the entry. The column “Value” should show “False”
If you use Chrome:
The easiest way to protect your IP addresses from leaking, using the official extension WebRTC Leak Prevent.